Amethyst is a form of quartz, composed of silicon dioxide which is the primary ingredient of sand. Most quartz samples are clear, but amethyst has a beautiful purple color due to small amounts of iron impurities in the crystal lattice. Amethyst is the birthstone for February and the Aquarius zodiac sign. It is also the stone of the 6th wedding anniversary and an amulet against drunkenness.
Aquamarine is a gemstone that is a member of the beryl family of stones. The name means "sea water" and serves as an accurate description of the gemstone's color. Aquamarine is the birthstone for March and the Pisces zodiac sign. It is also the stone of the 19th wedding anniversary and has been believed to endow the wearer with foresight, courage, and happiness. It is said to increase intelligence and make one youthful. As a healing stone, it is said to be effective as a treatment for anxiety.
Bloodstone is an attractive chalcedony quartz or also called green jasper dotted with bright red spots of iron oxide. The legend of the origin of bloodstone says that it was first formed where some drops of Christ's blood fell and stained some jasper at the foot of the cross. Bloodstone is the birthstone for March and the Pisces zodiac sign. Even today, finely powdered bloodstone is used as a medicine and aphrodisiac in India Carnelian – Carnelian is a reddish variety of quartz, translucent to opaque and moderately hard. Napoleon I, while on a campaign in Egypt, picked up a fabulous octagonal carnelian, upon which was engraved: "The Slave Abraham Relying upon the Merciful God”. Carnelian is the birthstone for July and the Cancer zodiac sign. It is recommended to wear for those who have a weak voice or are timid in speech,
Citrine is a golden quartz named from the French for lemon "citron". In ancient times, citrine was carried as a protection against snake venom and evil thoughts.
Rock crystal , the most common variety of quartz crystal, is formed from the two most abundant elements in the earth's crust: silicon and oxygen. It is a transmitter & amplifier of healing energy & clarity; balancer, channeler of universal energy & unconditional love; all purpose healer; programmable. Rock Crystal is also the birthstone for March & April.
Diamonds are perhaps the most cherished of all gemstones. The tertiary carbon structure of diamonds is responsible for the extreme hardness of this mineral, which has a name derived from the Greek work “adamas”, meaning unconquerable. There is evidence that diamonds were formed many millions of years ago deep within the earth at very high pressures. Diamond or Crystal Rock is the birthstone for April and the Aries zodiac sign. It is also the stone of the 10th & 60th wedding anniversary and is the most traditional symbol of love.
Emerald is another gemstone that is a variety of beryl (along with aquamarine), this time with a beautiful green color. The world's finest emeralds originate in Colombia, a country that is also famous for its coffee and coca plants. Emerald is the birthstone for May and the Taurus zodiac sign. It is also the stone of the 20th & 35th wedding anniversary.
Garnet is the name of a large family of gemstones that includes pyrope, grossular, andradite, spessartine, and almandine. Although they are all classified as gemstones, the almandine and pyrope families are the most precious and most widely used for this purpose. Garnets display a wide spectrum of chemical compositions and therefore are found in a variety of colors with the exception of blue. Garnet is the birthstone for January and the Capricorn zodiac sign. It is also the stone of the 2nd
Lemon quartz is a quartz relative of citrine which is a beautiful pure light lemon yellow color.
Moonstone is a variety of feldspar, and the shimmer which is called "schiller" or "adularescence", is caused by the intergrowth of two different types of feldspar, with different refractive indexes. It almost seems magical with a ghostly shimmering glow floating in a crystalline material. The Romans thought that moonstone was formed out of moonlight. Moonstone is the birthstone for June and the Gemini zodiac sign.
Onyx is chalcedony quartz with a fine texture and black color. The name comes from the Greek word "onux", which means fingernail. The story is that one day frisky Cupid cut the divine fingernails of Venus with an arrowhead while she was sleeping and black blood drop. Onyx is an ancient traditional birthstone for the month of July and the Gemini zodiac sign.
Opal is one of the few non-crystalline gems that has a very poorly defined system and a relative hardness far less than quartz. Opal is mined in a number of countries with Australia being the top provider of both black and white opals. Opal is the birthstone for October and the Libra zodiac sign. It represents hope & purity.
Pearl is one of the gems derived from animals and plants and is described as "organic" even though pearls are composed primarily of the salt calcium carbonate. Other members of this class include coral, amber, and jet. Pearl is the birthstone for June and the Gemini zodiac sign.
Peridot is a gemstone variety of the mineral olivine, a silicate formed with magnesium and iron and commonly found amongst basalts (lava rock). The crystal system is orthorhombic with hardness slightly less than quartz. Peridot is the birthstone for August and the Leo zodiac sign. It is also the stone of the 16th wedding anniversary and brings the wearer success, peace and good luck.
Rose quartz is variety of quartz crystal, is formed from the two most abundant elements in the earth's crust: silicon and oxygen. Lovingly powerful, motherly stone sending subtle energy to where ever it is directed. Extremely powerful when used to calm and alleviate problems of the heart and emotions. Bringing with it unconditional love and wisdom. Rose quartz is the birthstone of January and the Taurus zodiac sign.
Ruby is a term for the red gemstones derived from the mineral corundum, formed primarily from aluminum oxide. Pure corundum is a colorless, trigonal crystal with hardness between that of emerald and diamond. Trace amounts of chromium are what gives the ruby its rich red color. Ruby is the birthstone for July and the Cancer zodiac sign. It is also the stone of the 15th & 40th anniversary and it is said to accord wearers wisdom, happiness and health, and to bring particularly good luck to gamblers and lovers.
Sapphire is another gemstone associated with the corundum class of minerals (along with ruby), where the presence of trace impurities of iron and titanium are responsible for the deep blue color. Several other colors of corundum are classified as sapphire such as yellow and pink. Sapphire is the birthstone for September and the Virgo zodiac sign. It is also the stone of the 5th & 45th wedding anniversary and symbolizes sincerity and faithfulness.
Smoky quartz is variety of quartz crystal, is formed from the two most abundant elements in the earth's crust: silicon and oxygen. It stimulates Kundalini energy; cleanses & protects the astral field; draws out distortion on all levels; good for hyperactivity & excess energy; grounding.
Topaz is commonly found in gravel as rounded pellets, the result of being worn down by water and sand for thousands of years. The mineral is a silicate of aluminum containing about 20 percent water and fluorine. The relative proportions of these impurities are responsible for the color of the stones. Yellow Topaz is the birthstone for November and the Scorpio zodiac sign. It is also benefic against harm, cure insomnia, asthma, and hemorrhages. Blue topaz is the birthstone for December.
Turquoise is a member of the microcrystalline minerals (along with jade and lapis) that have been used in stone carvings for thousands of years. This mineral occurs as nodules and veins that are either blue or green in color, although the name Turquoise is itself considered the name for a shade of color that is greenish-blue. Turquoise is the birthstone for December and the Sagittarius zodiac sign.
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